Here follows the revelation of the wisdom that is yoga
अथ पतञ्जलयोगसूत्रे समाधिपादः प्रथमः
atha patañjalayogasūtre samādhipādaḥ prathamaḥ
Herein from the Yoga Sutras of Patañjali:
Chapter 1 “On Bringing Into Harmony”
Here follow guidelines on how to be remade whole.
Wholeness consists of a complete grasp and command over the process of being and becoming aware.
तदा द्रष्टुः स्वरूपेऽवस्थानम्॥३॥
Tadā draṣṭuḥ svarūpe’vasthānam
Then the one who Sees, sees themselves as they really are.
At other times there is participation in mental movements.
वृत्तयः पञ्चतय्यः क्लिष्टा अक्लिष्टाश्चः॥५॥
Vṛttayaḥ pañcatayyaḥ kliṣṭā akliṣṭāśca
These movements are of five kinds and can be sources of contentment or discontent.
They are: correct knowledge, incorrect knowledge, delusion, sleep and memory.
Correct knowledge comes about as a result of clear and direct perception, logical deduction, and the word of those who know.
Incorrect knowledge is a false understanding not based on the true nature of what is perceived.
शब्दज्ञानानुपाती वस्तुशून्यो विकल्पः॥९॥
Śabdajñānānupātī vastuśūnyo vikalpaḥ
Imagining is where an idea is conveyed that has no basis in reality.
Sleep is the mental state which has no idea as its foundation.
Memory is where things once experienced are not allowed to completely slip away.
Mastery over these movements comes through practice and through non-participation.
तत्र स्थितौ यत्नोऽभ्यासः॥१३॥
Tatra sthitau yatno’bhyāsaḥ
Practice is the ceaseless effort to remain steady in that state.
स तु दीर्घकालनैरन्तर्यसत्कारासेवितो दृढभूमिः॥१४॥
Sa tu dīrghakālanairantaryasatkārāsevito dṛḍhabhūmiḥ
Where practice is long, sincere, devoted, and done with care, then stability in maintaining comes.
दृष्टानुश्रविकविषयवितृष्णस्य वशीकारसञ्ज्ञा वैराग्यम्॥१५॥
Dṛṣṭānuśravikaviṣayavitṛṣṇasya vaśīkārasañjñā vairāgyam
Non-participation is a conscious awareness and mastery over mental movements created by objects, whether these are seen or heard spoken of.
The ultimate result of it is a detachment from the constituents of earthly things. It is caused by an understanding of reality.
One kind of realization arises by means of reasoning, by means of an ability to distil what is wisdom, with real contentment, and with pure being.
Another kind occurs when due to constant efforts to sill them only the most hidden and latent tendencies to participate in mental movements remain.
For those in a state of pure being, or for those who have transcended existence, its genesis is coming into being.
Others can manage to attain this state of knowledge if they are devoted, determined, sufficiently reflective, and if they try to become truly wise.
Where there is the most intense energy, the end result soon comes.
The type of effort made can be further distinguished into mild, middling, or intense.
Or, one can devote one’s self completely to things spiritual.
क्लेशकर्मविपाकाशयैरपरामृष्टः पुरुषविशेष ईश्वरः॥२४॥
Kleśakarmavipākāśayairaparāmṛṣṭaḥ puruṣaviśeṣa īśvaraḥ
A holy or spiritual being or entity is a distinct vehicle of the ultimate reality. It is untouched by worldly cares or the consequences of this, and is never a carrier of life’s difficulties.
तत्र निरतिशयं सर्वज्ञबीजम्॥२५॥
Tatra niratiśayaṁ sarvajñabījam
In true holiness lies the seed of that total knowing which is limitless.
पूर्वेषामपि गुरुः कालेनानवच्छेदात्॥२६॥
Pūrveṣāmapi guruḥ kālenānavacchedāt
True holiness is timeless, eternal, and unconditioned. It is the earliest and greatest of teachers.
तस्य वाचकः प्रणवः॥२७॥
Tasya vācakaḥ praṇavaḥ
Its declaration is the Word.
It is to be repeated endlessly and its meaning reflected upon deeply and attentively.
From this comes an inner spirituality that makes all life’s troubles nothing.
These are the obstacles causing disturbance to the mind: disease, lack of effort, doubt, loss of interest, inapplication, attraction to things physical, false perceptions, lack of concentration, inability to maintain any achievements gained.
Anxiety, despair, unsteadiness of being, and irregular breathing all accompany these disturbances.
To counter these, practice should be centred around the only really pure ingredient.
मैत्रीकरुणामुदितोपेक्षाणां सुखदुःखपुण्यापुण्यविषयाणां भावनातश्चित्तप्रसादनम्॥३३॥
Maitrīkaruṇāmuditopekṣāṇāṁ sukhaduḥkhapuṇyāpuṇyaviṣayāṇāṁ bhāvanātaścittaprasādanam
The mind becomes purified by cultivating friendships with contented people, by being kind and compassionate to the sad and fearful, by being indifferent to the ill-intentioned, and by being accommodating to the well-meaning.
प्रच्छर्दनविधारणाभ्यां वा प्राणस्य॥३४॥
Pracchardanavidhāraṇābhyāṁ vā prāṇasya
This state can also be achieved by learning to exhale the breath and keep it still.
विषयवती वा प्रवृत्तिरुत्पन्ना मनसः स्थितिनिबन्धिनी॥३५॥
Viṣayavatī vā pravṛttirutpannā manasaḥ sthitinibandhinī
Steadiness of the mind also comes when higher states of awareness are made manifest.
विशोका वा ज्योतिष्मती॥३६॥
Viśokā vā jyotiṣmatī
Orby seeing the mind as free from sorrow and full of light.
वीतरागविषयं वा चित्तम्॥३७॥
Vītarāgaviṣayaṁ vā cittam
Orby making the mind one that is unattached to and unmoved by objects and circumstances.
Oralsoby investigating the real nature of the dreaming and sleeping states.
Orby meditation upon that which is desired.
The power of such a one reaches from the very finest to the most incomprehensibly vast.
क्षीणवृत्तेरभिजातस्येव मणेर्ग्रहीतृग्रहणग्राह्येषु तत्स्थतदञ्जनता समापत्तिः॥४१॥
Kṣīṇavṛtterabhijātasyeva maṇergrahītṛgrahaṇagrāhyeṣu tatsthatadañjanatā samāpattiḥ
The truly contemplative mind is one in which the seer, the process of seeing, and the thing seen are indistinguishable. All its movements have ceased. It is transparent like a crystal. It simply reflects whatever is presented to it.
शब्दार्थज्ञानविकल्पैः सङ्कीर्णा सवितर्का समापत्तिः॥४२॥
Śabdārthajñānavikalpaiḥ saṅkīrṇā savitarkā samāpattiḥ
Such a state of realization is one of conjecture; the distinction between just knowing, knowledge based on words, and knowledge based on what has been heard is unclear.
स्मृतिपरिशुद्धौ स्वरूपशून्येवार्थमात्रनिर्भासा निर्वितर्का॥४३॥
Smṛtipariśuddhau svarūpaśūnyevārthamātranirbhāsā nirvitarkā
A realization of certainty is one where what has passed through the mind is seen in a completely pure way, and the mind becomes able to see the nature of all things as they really are, and shining with the light of their own reality.
एतयैव सविचारा निर्विचारा च सूक्ष्मविषया व्याख्याता॥४४॥
Etayaiva savicārā nirvicārā ca sūkṣmaviṣayā vyākhyātā
By means also of this other states of wisdom and higher wisdomas well as the workings of the finest thingscan be explained.
And the scope of this most subtle matter merges with the non-physical.
ता एव सबीजः समाधिः॥४६॥
Tā eva sabījaḥ samādhiḥ
All these states arise only by being implanted.
When the flow of consciousness or awareness become undisturbed and completely pure, then a light dawns that is inner.
ऋतम्भरा तत्र प्रज्ञा॥४८॥
Ṛtambharā tatra prajñā
All knowledge gained from such a state is further enlightening.
Direct knowledge is different from knowledge gained by reasoning or by being told. These can only refer to limited things.
Any impressions, perceptions or deep-seated drives produced from this state counter similar such impressions, perceptions or drives produced from any other state.
तस्यापि निरोधे सर्वनिरोधान्निर्बीजः समाधिः
Tasyāpi nirodhe sarvanirodhānnirbījaḥ samādhiḥ
When even this effort and desire to control or counter has itself been countered, like all others, then there comes that all-knowing wisdom which flowers without needing to be implanted.